Gum disease is a pretty common condition in which your gums get infected. You can generally identify it based on inflamed or swollen gums, sensitive gums that bleed easily when you brush your teeth, or even persistent bad breath that doesn’t go away even after brushing.
Gum disease is pretty common in adults and it’s a chronic condition so it gets worse with time. That’s why it’s crucial for you to seek gum treatment as soon as you see the first signs of gum disease. In this article, we discuss what is the cause of gum disease, what are the symptoms of gum disease, and how to treat gum disease.
Stages of Gum Disease
Gum disease is a chronic condition and it gets worse with time if you don’t treat it. The following are the two stages of gum disease.
Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease in which the tissues and gums around your teeth get inflamed due to poor oral habits. You may have inflamed and red gums that bleed easily when brushing your teeth.
Periodontitis is a dangerous gum disease in which the infection also spreads to the bone underneath the gums and teeth. This can have terrible consequences, including bone loss and the loss of teeth. If you don’t get periodontal disease treatment on time, you may also have to go for serious procedures like root canal treatment.
What are the Causes of Gum Disease?
Gum disease is mostly caused by poor oral health. Most people think that brushing and flossing their teeth is enough to prevent gum disease and gingivitis, but that’s not true. Even with the best personal oral hygiene habits, you may still not be able to remove every last trace of food particles stuck in the deep recesses of your teeth. These food particles, over time, attract bacteria. That leads to the formation of a sticky film over your teeth called plaque, which eventually turns to tartar. It’s not possible to remove all plaque and tartar on your own. That’s why you need to go for professional cleanings on a regular basis. Failure to do so will eventually lead to increased bacterial decay and gum disease.
What are the Symptoms of Gum Disease?
The following signs and symptoms indicate that you might have gum disease and you need treatment:
- Red, swollen, and inflamed gums that are extremely sensitive and prone to bleeding.
- No matter how often you brush your teeth or rinse your mouth, your mouth continues stinking. This is because the bacteria in your mouth feast on the plaque and tartar and release noxious odors and toxins.
- As the gum disease spreads to the underlying one, your gums start separating from your teeth, which leads to the formation of pockets of space. This gives the impression of receding gums.
- Gum disease affects the enamel of your teeth, eventually wearing it away. This exposes the sensitive dentin. This makes your teeth extremely sensitive to cold and hot temperatures.
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Gum Disease Treatment
Gingivitis cure and periodontal treatment include professional cleanings by the dentist. This is a fairly simple and non-invasive but highly effective treatment in which the dentist or dental hygienist removes all of the plaque and tartar from your teeth, kills all the bacteria, and reattaches your gums to your teeth. The following are the various steps involved in gum disease treatment.
The first thing you need to do for gum disease treatment is consult your doctor as soon as you identify any of the aforementioned signs and symptoms of gum disease. The consultation process will include a physical examination of your teeth and an x-ray scan of your teeth and jawbone. Based on this, the dentist will create a treatment plan.
Scaling is the first step in the gingivitis treatment procedure. During this step, the dental hygienist will simply use a device called scalar to remove all plaque and tartar from your teeth. The dental hygienist will also examine your gums to remove all the tartar from the gum line.
Root planing is only necessary if your gum disease has advanced to periodontitis and there’s a pocket of space between your gums and your teeth. In this case, the dental hygienist will smoothen the root’s surface in order to reattach your receding gums to your teeth.
Cleaning and Rinsing
Once the scaling and root planing are done, the dentist will simply go through a few steps to clean your mouth thoroughly and prevent future bacterial infection. This will include the following steps:
- Brushing your teeth with an abrasive toothpaste.
- Flossing your teeth to remove any remnants of plaque and tartar.
- Rinsing your mouth with a fluoride solution to remove all remnant bacteria.
- Applying a fluoride gel on a mouthpiece so you can wear it and protect your teeth from bacterial infections for the next couple of months.
How to Prevent Gum Disease?
Preventing is always better than cure. If you’ve recently had gum disease treatment, you can prevent gingivitis from ever occurring again with these tips:
- Brush your teeth using an abrasive toothpaste at least twice a day.
- Floss the deepest recesses of your teeth daily.
- Use an antibacterial mouthwash to rinse your mouth every day.
- Go for your regular professional cleanings every 6 months.
- Always follow your dentist’s recommendations if they detect any signs of gum disease.
Schedule a Dental Visit
As mentioned earlier, gum disease is a progressive condition and gets worse with time. At West Orem Dental, we thoroughly clean your teeth and also show you how to prevent gum disease from ever occurring again. If you notice any of the signs or symptoms of gum disease, please schedule an appointment right now.