Gingivectomy surgery is a procedure in which the gum tissues are removed in order to treat gingivitis or periodontitis. In some cases, people also opt for cosmetic gingivectomy to remove extra gum tissues for aesthetic purposes. In this article, we discuss reasons to get gingivectomy surgery and the laser gingivectomy procedure.
Reasons to Get Gingivectomy Surgery
A dentist may recommend gingivectomy surgery for a number of different reasons related to your gum health, such as run recession due to aging, gum disease, bacterial decay, injuries, cosmetic purposes, etc. However, the two most popular reasons for gingivectomy are to treat gum disease and for cosmetic makeover.
Periodontitis is a disease in which the accumulation of plaque and tartar in your mouth leads to a bacterial infection that eventually spreads to your gum tissues. If you don’t treat periodontitis in a timely manner, the infection can also spread to your bones. It can lead to a number of complications like frequent bleeding, bone loss, and even tooth loss in extreme circumstances. Periodontitis gingivectomy is a procedure in which the dentist removes the infected gum tissues in order to prevent the disease from spreading further. It also gives your dentist easier access to your teeth for a deep cleaning procedure.
A lot of people opt for cosmetic gingivectomy to enhance the aesthetic appearance of their smile. Dentists only recommend cosmetic gingivectomy for some patients, if it’s completely safe for them. This procedure can essentially remove excess gum tissues in your mouth so that you reveal less gum when you smile — it’s generally meant for people who have a gummy smile.
A single gingivectomy procedure generally concludes within 60 minutes, depending on the amount of gum tissue that needs to be removed. If you only need to remove gum tissues from a single tooth or a few teeth, you may only need a single session. However, if you’re suffering from serious periodontitis and the dentist needs to remove a lot of gum from various areas, then multiple sessions may be necessary.
The following are the steps involved in the gingivectomy procedure.
- Anesthetic Injection: The dentist will first inject local anesthesia into your gums so that they’re numb and you don’t feel anything.
- Soft Tissue Incision: With the help of a scalpel or laser, the dentist will remove parts of your gum tissues. This part of the gingivectomy procedure is called soft tissue incision.
- Saliva Removal: Using a suction tool, the dentist will remove excess saliva from your mouth so that there’s no interference with the gum removal.
- Shaping: Once the necessary gum tissue is removed, the dentist will use the laser device to shape the gumline by vaporizing the remaining excess tissues.
- Protection: Finally, the dentist will apply a soft substance and bandages to your gums to facilitate healing.
What is Laser Gingivectomy?
Laser gingivectomy is an advanced method of performing the gingivectomy procedure in which the dentist uses a laser device to remove excess gum tissues instead of using a scalpel. This is far more effective than the traditional scalpel method because lasers are more precise and they help your wounds heal and cauterize faster. Furthermore, laser gingivectomy also has a far lower risk of infections. However, laser gingivectomy can only be performed by highly trained and experienced dentists.
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Gingivectomy and Gingivoplasty Comparison
Gingivectomy, as described above, is the removal of gum tissues for aesthetic or medical purposes. Gingivoplasty, in comparison, is a procedure in which the gums are simply reshaped to improve certain functions, prevent cavities, and enhance your aesthetic appearance.
Recovery from Gingivectomy
Recovering from Gingivectomy doesn’t take a long time. You simply go through the following stages of recovery.
- Initial Stage: During the first few hours after the treatment, you may need to use over-the-counter pain medication like ibuprofen to provide relief from the pain after the effects of the anesthesia wear off. You may also experience some bleeding from your gums and you may have to often replace bandages.
- Next Stage: Over the next couple of days, you may experience some jaw pains. You’ll have to manage the pain by eating soft foods, use cold compressors on your cheeks, and rinsing your mouth with warm saltwater.
- Final Stage: The soreness will minimize completely within a week and you’ll have to go to your dentist to make sure everything is alright. Following that, you simply need to carry on with good oral health habits like brushing regularly, flossing, rinsing, and going for regular dental check-ups.
How Much does Gingivectomy Cost?
The cost of gingivectomy on a single tooth costs around $200 to $400, though you may get some discounts if you need gingivectomy performed on multiple teeth in a single session. Gingivectomy is usually covered by insurance so you don’t have to pay the entire thing out-of-pocket.
Frequently Asked Questions about Gingivectomy
What would one recommend for the heeling of bruised gums?
In most cases, you can simply heal bruised gums with oral habits. Brush and floss your teeth regularly and rinse your mouth with an antibacterial mouthwash. Stop smoking and don’t eat hard foods. If the gums are severely bruised and not healing, you may be suffering from gum disease and you’ll need to contact your dentist.
Can laser help treat my gum disease?
Yes, laser gingivectomy is a popular treatment option for gum disease. During this procedure, the dentist will use a laser device to remove the diseased gum tissues and treat gingivitis.
When is dental crown lengthening necessary?
Dental crown lengthening may be necessary for a number of reasons. During the procedure, the gum tissues are reshaped to expose more of the tooth or to adjust the bone level. This is often done for aesthetic purposes or to strengthen the tooth structure.
Schedule a Gingivectomy Procedure
At West Orem Dental, we carefully examine your teeth to determine if you’re suitable for a gingivectomy procedure. We have some of the world’s finest dentists who are experts in the laser gingivectomy procedure and they can treat your disease within an hour. If you have any other questions, please schedule an appointment today.